Evolution of the CID in Colonial India and its Induction in Sind


  • Aftab Nabi Former Inspector General of Police Sindh, and Director General of the National Police Bureau, Islamabad.


CID, colonial, India, police, crime, SB, I.P.


This article examines the establishment of the Criminal Investigation
Department and its induction in colonial India and then moves to the
report of the Indian Police Commission of 1902-03 and the genesis of the
CID. In the same context it refers to the evolution of the federal CID or the
origin of the Intelligence Bureau and the induction of modus operandi
techniques in investigation and detection of crimes in India. It analyses
the long gap between England and colonial India in the induction of
scientific systems in police detection of crimes. Further, it assesses the
origin, developments and ramifications of the CID in Sind, including the
reorganization of the Sind CID by John Court Curry in 1917, the work
done by Rao Sahib Narindas of CID in 1927, and a discussion on Sind
CID’s detection of bomb explosions in Karachi in the 1930s and the 1940s
and the administrative organizational situation and problems of the CID
in the districts of Hyderabad and Tharparkar. Last, the article gives
details of operational performance during the Hur insurgency, 1942-43,
and the interconnected issues of the severe inadequacy of advance
information on Hur gangs and their activities despite efforts by the CID.